Tag Archives: Nuri

Ibsen’s use of structure to present themes in “A Doll’s House”

17 Sep

Text structure is the way the author organizes the thoughts and ideas in the book. In Ibsen’s play “A Doll’s House”, he has used a type of structure, which does not straightly tell the reader about the future actions and plot. Usually what happens – is that in a plot there is an exposition, climax and a resolution. What happens in the resolution, is that the story leads the readers to the solution of the conflict, resulting in a happy end of the characters.

Ibsen does not follow a conventional structure of the plot in his play, because what happens in his play – is that there is no “happy end” that is presented in all other stories. George Bernard Shaw – an author and a socialist has stated that Nora’s final exist is not a resolution, but as he said, it was a “discussion”. This play is extraordinary, because there’s no structure, that is usual to people, there is an exposition, situation and in the end, there is a “discussion”, not a resolution.  The more the play continues, the more the problem continues; it is not being solved just like in other plots.

This is the idea of a “Natural” play, which leaves us with questions sometimes and sometimes gives us the answer, however, usually portrays real character and their acts are shown as the ones, which we would have seen in real life in this situation.

This discussion of Ibsen’s play leaves us without a conclusion and with different opinions about her act, because the readers are left with questions “Why?” and “What for?”.  Yes, in some ways it is possible to agree with her acts, depending on the aspect we’re looking at this situation from, however what primarily comes to our minds is “What about her children?”. In the first acts, she has been portrayed as a great mother to their children; in the end, Ibsen shows us a completely opposite character of Nora. He shows us her femininity and that strong character of hers, where as in the start no one understood, how a serious man like Torvald could marry a silly, immature girl. Torvald acts with her, as if she is very young and it showed us their “true love”. The discussion shows us how “true” their love is. It’s doubtful, that Nora married him for money, because a strong woman like her did so much for him, that it couldn’t have been just for money, where as Torvald has put his respect in the society above his family. This theme has been discussed a lot in the discussion, linked with many others, which have been seen throughout the play, however didn’t stand out as much as in the discussion. Everything is around the expectations of the society of their family and especially Torvald and his acts. This is the reason, why Torvald did not stand up for Nora in her hardest times, and said, that it was her problem, that she is responsible for, not him. He was too worried for his respect at work and within his workers and friends, he felt this act would demonstrate his masculinity, which he has lost throughout the play, just as he lost respect to the readers as well.



Positive and Negative Characteristics of Nora

3 Sep

One of the main characters of the three-act play “A Doll’s House” is Nora.  This character is one of the most complicated characters in the play. She starts of with childish qualities, which demonstrate us the audience, her immature side. The first act starts of with her buying Christmas gift, sneaking some macaroons, wanting to get more pennies at all times. With her husband, she acts as a child, being very playful and reveals us the ability to easily lie to her husband.

In the first act, she was shown to us as a spender of money, leaving the family with nothing, because of her desires. We thought of her as a foolish young girl, who has been married to Torvald, due to his financial state. Though, it was hard to predict and believe that she has a clever side, we actually find that out during her conversation with Mrs. Linde, where she tells her that every time she has been asking money from Torvald, she has been saving them in order to pay a debt. This also demonstrated us, how easily she could lie to Torvald, that their trip to Italy has been paid by her father; however, it also demonstrates us the courage in her character and the true love and loyalty she has towards her husband.  This is the woman who takes risks and is ready for any sacrifices for her family.

As the play progresses, Nora more and more reveals her true character, which demonstrates the audience that she is hot just “a silly girl”. She is the woman, who not only understands the importance of the family, but as well can be a help to Torvald in his business and when needed with help.

An ambitious, courageous woman, who has been capable of breaking the law in order to save Torvald and prevent him from any health issues.  She has faked the signature of her father, and now that Krogstad is blackmailing Nora of the falsification, she is being the one accused of spoiling the name of her own husband, which brings a huge scandal into the house. Even though Nora has brought disgrace and dishonor into the family, she is doing everything for Torvald, where as he is planning on sacrificing himself to prevents his wife from persecution.

With all the scandals going on, Nora is planning to end her life, because she no longer wants to disgrace her family. Torvald stops her, and she for sure wanted to be safe. And even though these two people would sacrifice anything for each other, there are completely different. Nora tried everything in order to keep Torvald safe, which shows the valiant character in this woman, who is not deterred by the pain or the danger waiting for her, just across the road. Torvald, in contrast to his wife, realizes, that his job and his state in the society means a lot to him and therefore does not want to take the blame for Nora’s crime.

Nora – a powerful woman, who has just pretended to be foolish and child-like, in order to hide all her fears and her problems and keep them away from Torvald. As a sign of her strong character, in the end of act 3, even though she- without any care leaves her children alone, thinking only about her pride. Nora leaves Torvald, slamming the door and ending their relationship.

There are both positive and negative aspects of Nora’s character, which is what all of us have. She is a strong woman, being portrayed as a foolish young girl. Her family is very important for her, but in the end, she loses her temper and she just stops caring. 

Things Fall Apart (chs 1-3)

15 Apr

In the first three chapters of the novel “Things Fall Apart” Achebe gives an insightful view on the protagonist – Okonkwo. He begins by describing his masculine appearance that is both intimidating and astonishing. Achebe describes in detail the fight that made Okonkwo famous in his village and the villages nearby, which immediately shows to the reader that Okonkwo was a leader by nature. Moreover, the description of the fight that Okonkwo won shows the cultural aspect of Umuofia, the village Okonkwo was from, which will be evident later on in the novel. From the first chapter Okonkwo is portrayed as a violent, strong and agressive character. Achebe describes his ill temper, by revealing details on how he often relied on physical power when he was not content with something. Okonkwo, as Achebe says “ruled his household with a heavy hand”. He held every member of his family in fear, as they knew that each of them would be beaten if they disobeyed Okonknwo even slightly. Through that experience in Okonkwo’s house, the author is showing how women and children were treated in that society and emphasizes the ultimate patriarchy that existed in the Umuofian society. Throughout the three first chapters Achebe, on several occasions, describes how hard working Okonkwo was. He is portrayed as a great farmer, who always has the best harvest and never stops working, even under complicated circumstances. Achebe also shows the hardships that Okonkwo underwent, struggling for the desired success. From a very difficult beginning, when his father left him no inheritance for a successful life, to the very poor harvests due to weather – Okonkwo survived all the obstacles on his way, which shows his determinant and strong character and his strong will to succeed.

The reader spots that Okonkwo was obsessed with the idea of succeeding and achieving the highest honors of the clan. He was firm in his will to achieve the so called “highest titles” of the clan and to become one of the most respected man in his society. He also had an obsession with the toughness in his character and believed that display of any sort of emotion, but anger and agression was not worthy of a true man. Again, this primarily shows the cultural aspect behind the society he lived in, but moreover, it shows the key fears of Okonkwo. The reader quickly understands where Okonkwo gained that kind of beliefs and obsession when Achebe starts describing his father. Unoka, Okonkwo’s father, was a man  of art and not showed no particular interest in farming like the other men of the clan. He was as the clan believed, the most unsuccessful man in Umuofia and gained no titles whatsoever. Unoka’s love of conversation and disgust of physical abuse tired and angered Okonkwo, and since he was a young child he wanted to be a complete opposite of his father. That is how the reader understands where the origin of Okonkwo’s violence and obsession with success originates.

Finally, in the first three chapters of the novel, Ikemefuna’s arrival is described. The boy was frightened and surprised to be taken away from his mother and to have to live in a completely new and different household. The arrival of Ikemefuna is very significant as it will have a tremendous effect later on in the novel. The mention of the priestess in the three chapters and such details as “obi” (hut) and kola-nut give an insightful view on Umuofia culture and enhances the reader’s understanding on the structure of the Umuofian society.