Internal Oral Presentation

The internal oral presentation is one of the first assessment tasks you will complete that count towards your final grade for A1 English. The task is worth 15% of your final grade and must be based on the works studied in Part 4. You can choose to focus on two (or three!) works but I would recommend that you stick to one work – 10-15mins sounds like a long time but it is more challenging to get the depth you need when trying to cover two works. The good news is you get to choose the topic in consultation with your teacher.

Click on the link below to download the criteria for the IOP.

EngA1HL – Oral Criteria


The first step to a successful IOP is choosing a focused topic. Broadly your topic will focus on an aspect of the work:

  • cultural setting of the work(s) and related issues
  • thematic focus
  • characterization
  • techniques and style
  • author’s attitude to particular elements of the works such as character(s), subject matter
  • interpretation of particular elements from different perspectives.

However, these are much too broad so we’ll work on some examples:

How is gender represented in Lysistrata?

Text Type

Once you have an idea for your focus, you need to decide how you are going to present the focus. The IB gives you some guidance here but there is also some flexibility.

Structured Discussions

  • Class discussions where a candidate has been given special responsibilities (advance preparation, particular topics, a short report, a provocative position). The whole class may participate, but only the presenter will be assessed.
  • The presentation of material lending itself to discussion within the class, such as the offering of two opposing readings of a work (the presenter will take questions from the class).
  • Interview of a candidate by the teacher on an agreed topic or work(s).

Oral Exposes

  • An introduction to a writer, a work or a particular text.
  • An explanation of a particular aspect of an author’s work.
  • The examination of a particular interpretation of a work.
  • The setting of a particular writerís work against another body of material, such as details on social background or political views.
  • A commentary on the use of a particular image, idea or symbol in one text or in a writerís work.
  • An imitation of a poem being studied. This activity should be followed by some explanation of, and discussion on, what the candidate had attempted to do.
  • A comparison of two passages, two characters or two works.
  • A commentary on an extract from a work studied in class which has been prepared at home.
  • An account of the candidates developing response to a work.

Role Play

  • A monologue by a character at an important point in the work.
  • Reminiscences by a character from a point in later life.
  • An author’s reaction to a particular interpretation of elements of his/her work in a given context. For example, a critical defence of the work against a charge of subversion, or immorality, before a censorship board.

NB: Candidates who choose role play should provide a rationale for what they have done.

A Successful Presentation Will Show…

  • knowledge and understanding of the works
  • thorough appreciation of the aspect discussed
  • knowledge and use of the linguistic register appropriate for the type of presentation, where register refers to the candidate’s sensitivity to elements such as the vocabulary, tone, sentence structure and idiom appropriate to the task
  • At Higher Level, where appropriate, a consideration of the effects of the means by which the author(s) have explored the aspect discussed.

Activity: On poster paper, make links between the various aspects the IB recommends we focus on and your Part Four texts.

Image: ‘Megan’s Present / Hand

Moving Beyond Simply ‘Presenting a Paper’

Is this a good example of a presentation?

Scott Klososky asking Did God Invent the Internet?

Visual literacy – Do you intend on using images to help convey ideas? Consider this blog post and the way it uses image convey meaning.

Storytelling – How can the structures of storytelling develop your presentation? Can a personal anecdote, an anology to today’s society or reference to another text help present your ideas?

Presentation skills: consider these top 5 tips from design company Duarte when presenting (with or without slides).

Conducting a discussion:

  1. Setting is CRUCIAL. Set you discussion environment so that it is natural – a circle or arc is useful. Are you going to stand or sit? What difference does it make?
  2. Don’t leave anything to chance. Prepare questions or re-focus topics that will enable you to cover all your content. For the IOP – prepare your audience beforehand.
  3. Paraphrase for the benefit of the group but only if its relevant. In the case of the IOP, if an audience member mentions one of you key points – paraphrase it for the group so that you can get credit for it.
  4. Time your discussion. Plan when you will change direction and STICK TO IT!

Here are some presentation tips from the University of New South Wales.

2 Responses to “Internal Oral Presentation”

  1. Tara Tharp August 13, 2011 at 4:53 PM #

    This is a great resource. Do these tips apply to the changes for 2013?

    • seantangey October 6, 2011 at 12:03 PM #

      Hi Tara,

      Sorry for the delayed reply. I have actually stopped using this site as it had stopped loading in Azerbaijan. The kinks appear to have been sorted out so I’ll continue to post. This page was designed for the old IB A1 English course. However, much of the preparation ideas still apply (in fact I have just used some of them as we begin preparing for first Further Oral Activity. These will all be adapted shortly for this course. By the way, we have decided to implement the IB Language and Literature course rather than the straight literature. What has your school chosen to do? I hope you still find these resources useful and I am happy to share and explain anything that is unclear.

      Thanks for the comment,

      Sean Tangey
      The International School of Azerbaijan

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