Ibsen’s use of structure to present themes in “A Doll’s House”

17 Sep

Text structure is the way the author organizes the thoughts and ideas in the book. In Ibsen’s play “A Doll’s House”, he has used a type of structure, which does not straightly tell the reader about the future actions and plot. Usually what happens – is that in a plot there is an exposition, climax and a resolution. What happens in the resolution, is that the story leads the readers to the solution of the conflict, resulting in a happy end of the characters.

Ibsen does not follow a conventional structure of the plot in his play, because what happens in his play – is that there is no “happy end” that is presented in all other stories. George Bernard Shaw – an author and a socialist has stated that Nora’s final exist is not a resolution, but as he said, it was a “discussion”. This play is extraordinary, because there’s no structure, that is usual to people, there is an exposition, situation and in the end, there is a “discussion”, not a resolution.  The more the play continues, the more the problem continues; it is not being solved just like in other plots.

This is the idea of a “Natural” play, which leaves us with questions sometimes and sometimes gives us the answer, however, usually portrays real character and their acts are shown as the ones, which we would have seen in real life in this situation.

This discussion of Ibsen’s play leaves us without a conclusion and with different opinions about her act, because the readers are left with questions “Why?” and “What for?”.  Yes, in some ways it is possible to agree with her acts, depending on the aspect we’re looking at this situation from, however what primarily comes to our minds is “What about her children?”. In the first acts, she has been portrayed as a great mother to their children; in the end, Ibsen shows us a completely opposite character of Nora. He shows us her femininity and that strong character of hers, where as in the start no one understood, how a serious man like Torvald could marry a silly, immature girl. Torvald acts with her, as if she is very young and it showed us their “true love”. The discussion shows us how “true” their love is. It’s doubtful, that Nora married him for money, because a strong woman like her did so much for him, that it couldn’t have been just for money, where as Torvald has put his respect in the society above his family. This theme has been discussed a lot in the discussion, linked with many others, which have been seen throughout the play, however didn’t stand out as much as in the discussion. Everything is around the expectations of the society of their family and especially Torvald and his acts. This is the reason, why Torvald did not stand up for Nora in her hardest times, and said, that it was her problem, that she is responsible for, not him. He was too worried for his respect at work and within his workers and friends, he felt this act would demonstrate his masculinity, which he has lost throughout the play, just as he lost respect to the readers as well.




One Response to “Ibsen’s use of structure to present themes in “A Doll’s House””

  1. mercadeo en linea November 9, 2012 at 6:22 PM #

    The ideal of bourgeois respectability in the eighteen hundreds was constantly challenged. By the time Ibsen wrote his own challenge to it, a new era of uncertainty towards all things conventional had already begun. The position of women was a particularly explosive issue because the whole social, political, and economic structure was set by the patriarchal ideology. If women were to have independence, the whole structure of society would have to be remade. It was an apocalyptic idea that thrilled many women and intellectuals, but terrified the ruling and middle classes, so that each move in this direction- women’s suffrage, revised marriage laws, advances in women’s education- felt almost too radical a change.

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