Albert Camus – Short Biography

20 Apr

Camus was born on 1913 in a place called Mondavi, which is located in Algeria. He grew up amongst poverty with only his mother and grandmother as guidance because his father died during World War I. Before he fell seriously ill when he was only 17 he had received a scholarship for secondary school and once he was going to graduate from there he planned to enter university. He fell ill with tuberculosis and it was then that he “had an understanding of human vulnerability to disease and death.” All within a few years he co-founded a theatre group, became part of the intellectual community in Algeria, joined a communist part and was in Paris as an active member of the French resistance. After World War 2 he worked in Paris as a reader at a publishing company as well as releasing some of his novels when his reputation of being a writer was very positive. In 1952 he got in a fight with one of his friends, they had a disagreement about the “legitimacy of communism in the face of the soviet purges and labor camps.” The fight blew up and there were attacks published in newspapers and Camus refused to support any political movement that was called for violence or the acts of restricting human freedom. This caused him even more grief and he also caused frustration for French government officials and Algerian nationalist leaders when he refused to make public endorsements of either side. In 1956 he won a Nobel Prize for his literature after he suffered writer’s block, depression and sickness. Camus died in France during 1960, in a car accident.

“Albert Camus.” EXPLORING Short Stories. Detroit: Gale, 2003. Gale Student Resources In Context. Web. 20 Apr. 2011.


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